Plant Survey

Here we record plants found at Beacon Springs Farm, most of which are part of normal old field succession. Many are considered invasive, but attempts to eradicate them over such a large area would be impossible. The buckthorns are the exception. Periodic targeted mowing is aimed at eventually restricting their presence to the existing hedgerows.

Last modified November 19, 2021
American Crabapple (Malus coronaria)Also known as Wild Crabapple or Sweet Crabapple, it is a spreading tree native to the upper two-thirds of the Eastern United States, especially the Midwestern States. It is known for its very fragrant, white to white-pink blossoms.Southeast hedgerow.
Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)An erect, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that can grow to 15–20 feet in height. It is able to grow in a range of conditions from full sun to full shade and wet to dry soils. It thrives in disturbed sites, including forest edges, woodlots, floodplains, old pastures, fields, and roadsides.Everywhere on the property.
Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)An ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. Its silvery foliage, showy flowers, and colorful berries made it popular in landscaping; it was also planted extensively for a period of time in natural areas to provide erosion control, wind breaks, and wildlife food. The abundant fruit, readily dispersed by birds, is central to the spread of this species.Everywhere on the property.
Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana)Native to Asia, the Callery pear was introduced to the United States in the early 1900s as rootstock for domesticated pears. Though tolerant of partial shade, Callery pears prefer full sun and are often found along roadsides, in old fields and hedgerows, and along forest edges.Everywhere on the property.
Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense)Canada thistle is native to Europe. It was introduced to North America in the 1600s, probably in agricultural seed shipments and is now widespread throughout the United States and Canada. It is found in a wide range of habitats, especially disturbed landscapes: roadsides, trails, natural areas, pastures, forest and field margins, mining locations, waste areas and unmaintained gravel pits.Everywhere on the property.
Eastern Redcedar (Juniperus virginiana)A densely branched, slow-growing evergreen coniferous tree that may never become more than a bush on poor soil, but ordinarily grows to 15 to 60 feet. It is a pioneer invader, one of the first trees to repopulate cleared, eroded, or otherwise damaged land. It is commonly found in prairies or oak barrens, old pastures, or limestone hills, often along highways and near recent construction sites. Everywhere on the property.
Gray Dogwood (Cornus racemosa)Gray Dogwood are relatively small trees growing as tall as 15 ft. Flowers are creamy white, loose, and small, borne in flat topped clusters. The fruits are drupes that are borne in open clusters. Gray Dogwood is found in a variety of habitats including forests near rivers and streams, marshes and swamps, sandy oak and pine forests, fence-rows and borders of forests.Everywhere on the property.
Queen Anne’s Lace (Daucus carota)Queen Anne’s lace is a common sight in dry fields, roadside ditches and open areas. It is the European plant from which cultivated carrots were developed. It was brought to North America with the colonists as a medicinal plant and is now naturalized throughout the continent. It is a host plant for eastern black swallowtail caterpillars and many butterflies and adult bees and beneficial insects utilize the flower nectar.Everywhere on the property.
Tall Goldenrod (Solidago altissima)Tall goldenrod is a member of the Asteraceae, the Sunflower family. Tall goldenrod is an open land species generally found on drier soils. It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, also occurring in forest openings. Bees, wasps, butterflies and beetles are strongly attracted to the flowers.Everywhere on the property.
Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica)Native to China; fast-growing, hardy, adaptable; able to tolerate a wide range of growing conditions. Willows provide shelter, food and nesting material for many birds.Sunny damp areas: south central meadow; along the driveway near the road.